Top Telecommunication Companies In India
Top Telecommunication Companies in India
Telecommunications in India is comprised of three main categories: mobile (wireless), fixed-line (wireline), and Internet services. In 2014, India’s telecommunication sector became the second largest market in the world by telecom subscriber count and growth has continued further.
Mobile and fixed-line telecommunication allows direct communication through the operation of switching and transmission facilities. Mobile telecom companies use air waves while fixed-line telecom requires twisted pair cables. Both use optical fiber cables, microwave radios and/or satellite link-ups for backhaul and backbone purposes. 97% of subscribers in India use wireless services; the remainder utilize wireline.
Being the second-largest Internet consumer in the world, telecommunication companies in India are on a roll, coming up with more attractive data plans and lucrative schemes which makes Internet usage more accessible than ever.
So here is the list of Top Telecom companies in India and the rank list is based on revenue market share.
One of the top 10 telecommunication companies in India, Bharti Airtel, popularly known as Airtel is a global telecommunication services company that operates in 18 countries. Based in Delhi, India, Airtel provides a wide range of mobile services like GSM, 3G, 4G LTE, and 4G+.
Founded by the current owner, Sunil Bharti Mittal in 1995, it has seen remarkable growth in its 25 years in business. It was the company that launched 4G in India for the first time and also the first company to reach a 100 million customer base.
Market cap:293,999.99 Cr INR
Address: Bharti Crescent, 1 Nelson Mandela Road, Vasant Kunj, Phase II, New Delhi – 110070, India
Considered by many to be the world’s largest startup with an investment of 1500 billion INR, Reliance Jio also finds it’s placed in the list of top telecommunication companies in India. It is single-handedly responsible for the Telecom Revolution in India by offering free voice calls, zero roaming charges and an array of popular apps like JioTV, JioSaavn, JioCinema at zero subscription charges.
The current owner, Mukesh Ambani founded the company in 2007 as a subsidiary of Reliance Industries and became fully operational in 2016. It is the largest mobile network operator in India.
Market cap:10 trillion INR
Address: Reliance JioInfocomm Ltd., RCP 14 (TC 23 ), Phase 4, B-Block, 3rd Floor, C 4 130 Twane-Belapur Road, Gansoli, Navi Mumbai – 400701, Maharashtra, India
A subsidiary of the UK based Vodafone Group, Vodafone India is one of the top 10 telecom companies in India. After merging with Idea, it became one of the largest telecom services company in India. Although, a little expensive as compared to the other telecom companies, it provides one of the best network coverage and high-speed data.
Vodafone Group acquired the Hutchison-Essar business in India completely by 2007 and merged with Idea Cellular in 2017. It offers mobile services such as GSM, 3G, and 4G LTE.
Market cap:14,913.67 Cr INR
Address: Vodafone India Limited, Peninsula Corporate Park, Ganpatrao Kadam Marg, Lower Parel, Mumbai – 400013, Maharashtra, India
The most consistent mobile network in India in terms of coverage, BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, formerly known as Cellone, is a government-owned telecommunication company in India. It is one of the most popular telecom network providers due to its cheap tariffs and great accessibility across the Indian terrain. It doesn’t have PAN India 4G rights and also falls short in terms of internet connectivity in comparison to its peer companies.
Started by the Government of India in 2000, BSNL provides mobile, landline and broadband services and the recent Bharat Fiber service in 2019.
Address: Harish Chandra Mathur Lane, Janpath, New Delhi – 110001, India
5. RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS
Founded by Anil Ambani, the brother of Reliance Jio’s owner Mukesh Ambani, as a separate telecom company in 2004, Reliance Communications offered affordable 2G and 3G services in India. It filed for bankruptcy in 2019.
Market cap:212.95 Cr INR
Address: Dhirubhai Ambani Knowledge City, H Block, Thane Belapur Road, Koparkhairane, Navi Mumbai – 400710, Maharashtra, India
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) is another government-funded telecom company that offers broadband internet and 3G services in Mumbai and Delhi. As a state-owned entity, MTNL has a user base of approximately 3.62 million subscribers. It also provides services in Mauritius as Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML).
Market cap: 708.75 Cr INR
Address: MTNL Corporate Office, Mahanagar Door Sanchar Sadan, Room No.4213, Lobby No. 2,4th Floor, (Opp. Gate No. 13, JLN Stadium), 9 CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi –110003, India
7. MTS INDIA
Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) India, also known as Sistema ShyamTeleServices is a subsidiary of the Russian Mobile TeleSystems company based in New Delhi. Founded by Dmitry Shukov in 2008, MTS India provides broadband Internet, wireless voice, messaging and data services in 9 circles across India. With a user base of around 9 million subscribers, it prevails primarily in the metro cities across India.
Market cap: 9.52 Cr INR
Address: Sistema ShyamTeleServices Limited, MTS tower, 334, Udyog Vihar, Phase -IV, Gurgaon – 122001, Haryana, India
Aircel was another telecom service provider which could not keep up with the fiercely competing market. At its helm, it was prevalent mainly in southern and some parts of eastern India, with a huge customer base, owing to its low congestion network at very cheap rates and excellent customer support.
Founded by ChinnakannanSivasankaran in 1999, Aircel provided affordable 3G and 4G services and at a time had a customer base of 90.3 million. It is now defunct due to bankruptcy.
9. TATA DOCOMO
It was one of the subsidiaries of Tata Teleservices in a merger with NTT Docomo of Japan. Although it offered a fair network coverage in cities and towns at cheap rates, it failed in the suburban areas.
It was founded in November 2008 and was acquired by Bharti Airtel in October 2017.
Telenor (India) Communications Pvt. Ltd. was a mobile network provider and a subsidiary of Telenor Group, a Norwegian telecom company. This company has now merged with Bharti Airtel in February 2017.